Agriculture is one of the oldest industries. However, this is an industry that does not become obsolete. On the contrary, we maintain it because it is vital and because it provides food for the population. Not only that it does not become obsolete, but the need for agricultural production and its products increasing in proportion with population growth on the Earth. It is believed that by 2050. food production must be increased by about 70%.
Food production would not be a problem, that the conditions for its smooth functioning are inexhaustible. Ideal conditions include fertile soil, enough water for irrigation and enough sunlight. Therefore, the scientists found ways to take advantage of modern society and to include great technologies in agriculture. This means monitoring of soil quality, temperature, a farmland composition, maturation monitoring and pest outbreaks … all through modern technology. In the future, the emergence and growth of crops less and less will be the result of favorable weather conditions or coincidence. Everything can be predicted! This kind of farming is called smart farming or precise agriculture.
Areas of arable land are decreasing. One of the causes is the expansion of settlements while others are deterioration of fertile land due to their overuse. In order to increase the production volume in these conditions, it is invented something called vertical farming. Such farming involves cultivation of certain crops in limited spatial conditions, usually on the interior, as a replacement for greenhouses. In these forms of farming, conditions are controlled. This method involves growing vertical form instead of horizontal, which takes up significantly less space and allows cultivation where there is not much fertile land. The lack of arable land has inspired the launch of hydroponic farming, a form of farming that requires no soil at all, but only adequate light and nutrient solution as a fertile basis.
Climate changes also affect the success of agriculture. But how to replace sunlight to plants? One of the ways is to use LED lights in vertical farms. The advantage of these lights is less energy consumption, less emitted heat and durability. In addition, these lights may be in different colors. Some colors are used to stimulate flowering, some for growth and development. The question remains, whether the food we’ll get in this way has a good quality, how it tastes and what is the relation of nutrients compared to those produced outside or in a horizontal farming. But it’s a future step. In this way, it is solved the problem of growing on the limited arable land.
So, the future of farming is not left to coincidence, but to the hands of scientists. Food needs are greater and greater, and the conditions for its production are more and more difficult. It is believed that about 80% of arable land is already in use, and that a good part of that land is in poor condition, no longer able to provide a good, nutritious foundation for the growth of plants. That is why the future of farming is in a smart farming.